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Why Does Our Body Pain?

Posted by : Varun Doshi

On : 01 April 2016

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Views : 2721

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No matter what your age is, constant body ache can affect anyone and it is a harrowing experience. The most common body aches are headache, neck and back pain, muscle pain, joint pain; and also neuropathic pain, which occurs when the nervous system doesn’t function properly. It is a medical condition that needs attention and should not be ignored. Here are some of the most common causes of constant body pain you should know.

When is constant body pain a matter of concern?

The most obvious symptom of this condition is, of course, the severe pain in the muscles and joints, a lot like what you experience during flu. But there are other symptoms that occur along with the pain:

  • Fever
  • When the pain becomes severe, tenderness in the joint areas
  • Inflammation of the muscles
  • Lack of sleep due to constant pain
  • Weakness and a general feeling of being sick.

Certain diseases can lead to this problem, and it is necessary to get checked and treated for the same. Some of such diseases are:

Fibromyalgia

This is a disorder with hallmark symptoms of chronic widespread body pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbances that negatively affect the quality of life. The other symptoms are:

  • Painful tender points
  • Morning stiffness
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Cognitive difficulties
  • Mood and anxiety disorders generally co-occur with fibromyalgia, since they have common pathophysiologic (functional changes associated with or resulting from disease or injury) abnormalities.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Migraine
  • Temporomandibular disorder (jaw and surrounding facial muscle problems)
  • Painful bladder syndrome
  • Inflammation of the prostate gland and chronic pelvic pain

This means, if you have Fibromyalgia, you may also have one or more of the mentioned medical symptoms.

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)

The symptoms are almost same as in fibromyalgia, however when the feeling of extreme fatigue doesn’t improve with rest it is possibly a case of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

Lyme disease

This disease is caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi that spreads through the bite of the blacklegged tick. Symptoms are:

  • Marked fatigue
  • Severe headache
  • Widespread musculoskeletal pain
  • Tender points in characteristic locations
  • Pain and stiffness in many joints
  • Impairment of sensation
  • Difficulty with concentration
  • Memory loss
  • Sleep disturbances

Stress

Clichéd but true, stress can also be responsible for constant body ache. Some common symptoms of this condition are

  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep problems
  • Stomach upsets

But, if you’re not sure whether stress is causing the symptoms or if you’ve taken steps to control your stress, but your symptoms continue, Mayo Clinic experts suggest you see your doctor to check for other potential causes. Know more about stress and how to deal with it.

Low levels of vitamin D

Low levels of vitamin D is one of the reasons for constant and chronic body pain. Known to help in the absorption of calcium, vitamin D helps keep your bones strong, preventing fractures. According to a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, low levels of vitamin D allow your body to absorb only about 10 to 15 percent of the calcium you eat. And since calcium is required to build stronger and healthy bones vitamin D deficiency indirectly results in weak, soft and achy bones. Here’s why Indians should start taking calcium and Vitamin D supplements every day.

Some of the common symptoms of low levels of vitamin D are:

  • Constant fatigue
  • Achy bones
  • Weakness

Lack of iron in the blood

Also known as anaemia, this condition occurs due to the lack of iron in your blood. This lack leads to lower amounts of oxygen and nutrients carried to various parts of the body, making you feel tired and achy all over. Other symptoms of this condition include:

  • Muscle aches
  • Pale skin and nails
  • Excessive bleeding during menstruation
  • Brittle nails and hair
  • Dizziness
  • Moodiness and irritability

Multiple sclerosis

This is a condition that affects the spinal cord and brain. Since the nerves and the brain are involved, people with multiple sclerosis often suffer from constant body aches. Apart from that the other common symptoms are:

  • Weakness
  • Tingling sensation
  • Numbness
  • Blurred vision
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Urinary problems
  • Improper cognition

Osteoarthritis

This is a form of arthritis where the cartilage between two bones erodes, causing the bones to rub against each other, leading to pain and discomfort. Due to the nature of this disease you might suffer from constant body ache that sometimes can be debilitating. Apart from that other symptoms of this disease are:

  • Soreness and stiffness of joints
  • Pain in the hips, back and hands that usually reduces after movement
  • Stiffness in the morning and on excessive activity
     

Nerve damage

This is a condition where, as the name suggests, your nerves (usually in a particular region) are damaged due to disease or injury. This condition causes the nerves to malfunction leading to pain all over the body, especially in the region that is hurt. Some of the common symptoms associated with this condition are:

  • Muscle pain
  • Tingling
  • Muscle spasms
  • Lack of coordination

Other chronic diseases such as:

  • Lupus
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Viral gastroenteritis
  • Common flu
  • Tuberculosis (as per doctors from All India Institute of Medical Sciences)
  • Cancer
  • Injuries from accidents, whether minor or major, may result in such body aches. Unfortunately, the condition can worsen during winters or during cold weather.
  • Constant and widespread aches can also be genetic.
  • Aging can also cause chronic body aches. Older adults are more likely to have long-term medical problems, such as diabetes or arthritis, which can lead to ongoing pain. For reasons unknown, sometimes not having any illness may also cause constant body aches in older adults.
  • Some diseases also cause constant body aches. Severe or prolonged widespread pains may indicate serious disorders or diseases. Do not ignore it; consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Even though sometimes these may be confused with infective or inflammatory conditions, particularly in young individuals, and degenerative conditions of the spine and hip in elderly. This may delay the diagnosis and treatment leading to poor outcomes or even death.

Source: Thehealthsite

 

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